Selection() — create a new selection

Selection(*atoms)

This creates a new empty Selection object. An initial group of atoms or other objects can be added to the selection by listing them here; see Section 6.9 for more information.

Example: examples/python/selection.py

```from modeller import *

env = Environ()
env.io.atom_files_directory = ['../atom_files']

mdl = Model(env, file='1fdn')

# New empty selection
s = Selection()

# Add all atoms from residues 4 through 10 (chain A) inclusive (PDB numbering)

# Selection of all atoms currently within 5A of atom CA in residue 1 in chain A
# (this destroys the previous selection):
s = mdl.atoms['CA:1:A'].select_sphere(5)

# Is the CB:1:A atom in the selection?
print(mdl.atoms['CB:1:A'] in s)

# Alternative ways of selecting the same atom:
print(mdl.chains['A'].residues['1'].atoms['CB'] in s)
print(mdl.residues['1:A'].atoms['CB'] in s)

# All atoms currently within 5A of atom CA:1:A, OR currently within 3A of the
# point (1,10,1):
s = mdl.atoms['CA:1:A'].select_sphere(5) | mdl.point(1,10,1).select_sphere(3)

# All atoms currently within 5A of atom CA:1:A, AND also currently within 3A
# of the point (1,10,1):
s = mdl.atoms['CA:1:A'].select_sphere(5) & mdl.point(1,10,1).select_sphere(3)

# All atoms currently within 5A of atom CA:1:A, OR currently within 3A of the
# point (1,10,1), but not BOTH:
s = mdl.atoms['CA:1:A'].select_sphere(5) ^ mdl.point(1,10,1).select_sphere(3)

# Create a selection containing the CA atom from residue 1, chain A,
# and all of residue 2 (PDB numbering)
s = Selection(mdl.atoms['CA:1:A'], mdl.residues['2:A'])

# All residues EXCEPT 5-10 in chain A (i.e. all atom selection minus the
# selection of residues 5-10, otherwise known as an inverted selection):
s = Selection(mdl) - Selection(mdl.residue_range('5:A', '10:A'))

# All atoms in any residue that contains a CG atom
s = Selection(mdl).only_atom_types('CG').by_residue()

# The same as above, plus all atoms in residues immediately neighboring
# these residues (by sequence)
s = Selection(mdl).only_atom_types('CG').extend_by_residue(1)

# Selection of residues 1, 4, 8 and 10-15 (PDB numbering) from chain A:
s = Selection(mdl.residues['1:A'], mdl.residues['4:A'], mdl.residues['8:A'],
mdl.residue_range('10:A', '15:A'))

# Print the center of mass (note: not mass weighted)
print(s.mass_center)

# Rotate by 90 degrees about the z axis through the origin (0,0,0)
# (right handed rotation)
s.rotate_origin([0,0,1], 90)

# The same thing, except that the axis passes through the center of mass:
s.rotate_mass_center([0,0,1], 90)

# Translate by 5 angstroms along the x axis
s.translate([5.0, 0, 0])

# Equivalent (but less efficient, as it involves calculating the COM)
s.x += 5.0
```

Example: examples/commands/pick_atoms.py

```# This will pick various subsets of atoms in the MODEL and compare them
# with MODEL2.

from modeller import *

env = Environ()
env.io.atom_files_directory = ['../atom_files']
log.level(1, 1, 1, 1, 0)

# Read the models and the alignment:
mdl  = Model(env, file='1fas')
mdl2 = Model(env, file='2ctx')
aln = Alignment(env, file='toxin.ali', align_codes=('1fas', '2ctx'))
aln.write(file='toxin.pap', alignment_format='PAP')

# Pick and superpose mainchain atoms:
atmsel = Selection(mdl).only_mainchain()
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick and superpose sidechain atoms:
atmsel = Selection(mdl).only_sidechain()
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick and superpose CA and CB atoms:
atmsel = Selection(mdl).only_atom_types('CA CB')
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick all atoms in residues with rings:
atmsel = Selection(mdl).only_residue_types('TYR PHE TRP HIS')

# Pick and superpose all atoms:
atmsel = Selection(mdl)
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick and superpose CA and CB atoms in one segment only:
atmsel = Selection(mdl.residue_range('2:A', '10:A')).only_atom_types('CA CB')
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick and superpose all atoms within 6 angstroms of the 'CA' atom in
# residue '10' in chain A:
atmsel = mdl.atoms['CA:10:A'].select_sphere(6.0)
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick and superpose all atoms within 6 angstroms of any atom in
# segment 2:A to 10:A
atmsel = Selection(mdl.residue_range('2:A', '10:A')).select_sphere(6.0)
atmsel.superpose(mdl2, aln)

# Pick all atoms in the model
atmsel = Selection(mdl)

# Pick all atoms in all loops (ie residues within 2 positions
# of any gap in the alignment):
loops = mdl2.loops(aln, minlength=5, maxlength=15, insertion_ext=2,
deletion_ext=2)
atmsel = Selection(loops)

# Pick all atoms within 6 angstroms of all loops
atmsel = Selection(loops).select_sphere(6.0)
```